For many years, HonestReporting has criticized the BBC’s veteran reporter and Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowen for his anti-Israel bias. Now the BBC itself agrees.
As reported by major UK newspapers, including The Guardian, The Times, Daily Telegraph, Independent and Daily Mail as well as by the BBC itself, the BBC Trust, which oversees complaints to the British state broadcaster, has ruled that Bowen’s coverage of Israel in an article on the BBC’s Web site and a radio broadcast was partially inaccurate and that aspects of the Internet article lacked impartiality.
In a piece Bowen wrote for the BBC website last June under the headline “Six days that changed the Middle East,” about the Six Day War, which was criticized at the time by HonestReporting UK, Bowen referred to “Zionism’s innate instinct to push out the frontier”. He also wrote that Israel showed a “defiance of everyone’s interpretation of international law except its own” and that its generals felt that they were dealing with “unfinished business”, left over from the 1948 War of Independence. These references were deemed inaccurate or lacking impartiality by the BBC Trust:
“Readers might come away from the article thinking that the interpretation offered was the only sensible view of the war,” it said. “It was not necessary for equal space to be given to the other arguments, but … the existence of alternative theses should have been more clearly signposted.”
The second finding related to a broadcast Bowen delivered on From Our Own Correspondent on BBC Radio 4 in January 2008, in which Bowen said the US government considered the Israeli town of Har Homa on the outskirts of Jerusalem as illegal.
The committee found the assertion was inadequately sourced: “The Middle East Editor had stated his professional view without qualification or explanation, and that the lack of precision in his language had rendered the statement inaccurate.” It ruled the report had partially breached accuracy guidelines.
BOWEN: A HISTORY OF BIAS
The BBC appointed Jeremy Bowen to the newly-created role of Middle East Editor in June 2005 “to enhance our audience’s understanding of the Middle East; and to provide extra commentary, focus and analysis to an increasingly complex area of the world.”
We believed that Jeremy Bowen, instead of being a solution to the BBC’s problematic reporting, would become a major part of the problem – a view confirmed by the fact that no other journalist has so consistently featured in HonestReporting and its UK affiliate’s critiques over the years.
In an attempt to minimize the seriousness of the BBC Trust findings, the BBC spokesman said: “This is a single, partially upheld finding, related to one piece of output about events that took place over 40 years ago, and our Middle East editor was simply exercising his professional judgment on history. Clearly there is no consensus view of history and it is self evident that there are others who have different analysis – which of course they are entitled to.”
The findings of the BBC Trust in response to two similar but separate complaints filed by Jonathan Turner and CAMERA (which can be viewed in full here in PDF format), have prompted calls for Bowen’s dismissal. However, the BBC Trust report is only the tip of a very large iceberg. The reality is that this is only the latest in a long history of anti-Israel bias on the part of both Bowen individually and BBC News.
Here is but a small selection of Bowen’s litany of bias in recent years:
May 2006: Failing to assign any responsibility to the Palestinians for intra-Palestinian violence in the Gaza Strip, Bowen still refers to “the pressure that never goes away, which comes from the Israeli occupation,” despite Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza in 2005.
Jan 2007: Former Times columnist and current Jewish Chronicle editor Stephen Pollard acquires a leaked e-mail from Bowen to BBC staff revealing his slanted analysis, which also came under fire from the Wall Street Journal. As Pollard states: “Indeed, Israel is to blame for almost everything. The Palestinians are not responsible for anything; Israel is the culpable party. He has contempt for every Israeli politician he mentions; Ehud Barak, for instance, is described as having killed “various Palestinians”, written as if he did so for the sake of it. If this is what passes for high-level analysis at the BBC, is it any wonder its reporting is so poisonous?”
Jan 2007: Bowen produces an unbalanced radio report questioning whether a two-state solution is still a realistic prospect. Failing to acknowledge Israeli security concerns, Palestinian suicide bombers or intra-Palestinian violence and chaos, Bowen discusses restrictions on Palestinian movement and the security barrier near Bethlehem, as well as “illegal” Israeli settlement in eastern Jerusalem and the West Bank.
Feb 2007: As a result of these examples and continuing BBC bias, the UK’s Zionist Federation calls for Bowen’s removal as Mideast editor.
Dec 2007: Again, attributing sole responsibility for Palestinian hardship to Israel, Bowen claims that a ma
jor reason for the economic problems are: “because of measures Israel has imposed, which it says are vital to the security of its people, that put real difficulties in the way of Palestinians moving. It’s impossible, pretty much, to get out of Gaza – it’s often described by Palestinians as a prison and I think that’s pretty accurate; and there are areas of the West Bank… which are not much better than that.”
May 2008: HonestReporting thoroughly critiques Bowen’s BBC documentary “The Birth of Israel”. Full of omissions and historical revisionism, Bowen either downplays, delegitimizes or altogether ignores the legitimate roots of the Jewish people in the Land of Israel going back three millennia. Instead, the Arabs are painted as victims of Jewish power and malevolence.
March 2009: Bowen keeps a running diary during the Gaza conflict. In one entry, he publicizes a shocking claim made by a Palestinian woman that her husband and 4-year-old son had been shot in cold blood by Israeli soldiers. This, despite no supporting evidence or any other media coverage of such a serious charge.
BOWEN: AN UNTENABLE POSITION
HonestReporting has produced a number of long-term analyses of the BBC, the most recent from March 2009, comprehensively detailing major problems with the BBC’s output. As Middle East editor, Jeremy Bowen bears a great deal of responsibility for this.
A BBC spokesman, in response to the BBC Trust report referred to an independent panel of inquiry into the BBC’s coverage of Israel and the Palestinians: The Thomas Report [of April 2006] was instituted by the then BBC governors, and said of the BBC’s coverage overall:
“Our assessment is that, apart from individual lapses, there was little to suggest deliberate or systematic bias. On the contrary, there was evidence of a commitment to be fair, accurate and impartial. There is high quality reporting from location, some outstanding current affairs programs and the Web site provides much valuable historical and other context.”
The Thomas Report, however, was deeply flawed because the BBC announced that it would be carrying out that review in advance, so that journalists, editors and managers bent over backwards to avoid anti-Israel bias during the period of the review. This is corroborated by the fact that during the period of the review, the normal pattern of complaints (i.e. more complaints of anti-Israel bias than of pro-Israel bias) was reversed. No reliance can be placed on the review in relation to coverage before or after the period of the review.
A GRASSROOTS INITIATIVE
Perhaps the greatest endorsement of the BBC Trust’s findings is the reaction of notorious anti-Israel polemicist Robert Fisk, who describes the report in The Independent as “pusillanimous, cowardly, outrageous, factually wrong and ethically dishonest.” Fisk goes on to say:
The trust how I love that word which so dishonours everything about the BBC has collapsed, in the most shameful way, against the usual Israeli lobbyists who have claimed against all the facts that Bowen was wrong to tell the truth.
HonestReporting has long-argued against this perverted notion that media organizations and critics of Israel are being silenced and beaten into submission by an “Israel Lobby”. Fisk employs this smokescreen, employing the term “Israel Lobby” to cover up and distract attention from the genuine issue at hand. Indeed, perhaps Fisk would like to consider the fact that the complainant to the BBC Trust was an individual British lawyer who persevered, refusing to accept the delays, obfuscation and stalling tactics of the BBC complaints procedure until he achieved a result.
While this individual is a member of the UK’s Zionist Federation, his efforts were made as an individual and not as part of some organized “lobby”. HonestReporting’s model is also based on encouraging the efforts of you – the grassroots – who can and do make a difference in addressing media bias.